Imes GLP

RIZALIANA SECTION

DR. JOSE RIZAL, the national hero of the Philippines was born on June 19, 1861 in the town of Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh child in a family of 11 children.

His father, Francisco Mercado Rizal, an industrious farmer came from Biñan, Laguna; while his mother, Teodora Alonzo y Quintos, a highly cultured and accomplished woman was born in Meisic, Sta. Cruz, Manila. At the age of 3, he learned the alphabet from his mother; and at 5, while learning to read and write. At the age 8, he wrote a Tagalog poem, "Sa Aking Mga Kabata," the theme of which is on the love of one’s language. In 1877, at the age of 16, he obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree with an average of "excellent" from the Ateneo Municipal de Manila. In the same year, he enrolled in Philosophy and Letters at the University of Santo Tomas, while at the same time took courses leading to the degree of surveyor and expert assessor at the Ateneo. He finished the latter course on March 21, 1877 and passed the Surveyor’s examination on May 21, 1878; but because of his age, 17, he was not granted license to practice the profession until December 30, 1881. In 1878, he enrolled in medicine at the University of Santo Tomas but had to stop in his studies when he felt that the Filipino students were being discriminated upon by their Dominican tutors. On May 3, 1882, he sailed for Spain where he continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid. On June 21, 1884, at the age of 23, he was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine and on June 19,1885, at the age of 24, he finished his course in Philosophy and Letters with a grade of "excellent." 

Rizal Portrait by Hidalgo
 

PORTRAIT OF RIZAL PAINTED BY FELIX RESURRECCION HIDALGO, 1883